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Syllabus

Syllabus - as prescribed by the Central Council Of Homoeopathy and approved by Kerala University of Health Sciences.

ANATOMY, HISTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY

Instructions in anatomy should be so planned as to present a general working knowledge of the structure of the human body. The amount of detail which he is required to memorise should be reduced to the minimum. Major emphasis should be laid on functional anatomy of the living subject rather than on the static structures of the cadaver, and on general anatomical positions and broad relations of the viscera, muscles, blood-vessels, nerves and lymphatics.

 

Study of the cadaver is only a means to this end. Students should not be burdened with minute anatomical details which have no clinical significance. Though dissection of the entire body is essential for the preparation of the student of his clinical studies, the burden of dissection can be reduced and much saving of time can be effected, if considerable reduction of the amount of topographical details is made and the following points:-

 

1. Only such details as have professional or general educational value for medical student should be presented to him.

2. The purpose of dissection is not to create technically expert prosecutors but to give the student an understanding of the body in relation to its functional, and the dissection should be designed to achieve this end, for example, ignoring of small and clinically unimportant blood vessels results in such cleaner dissection and a much clearer picture of the main structure and their natural relationships.

3. Much that is at present taught by dissection could be demonstrated as usefully through prepared dissected specimens.

a. Normal radiological anatomy may also form part of practical training. The structure of the body should be presented linking functional aspect.

b. Actual dissection should be preceded by a course of lectures on the general structure of the organ or the system under discussion and then its function. In this way anatomical and physiological knowledge can be presented to students in an integrated form and the instruction of the whole course of anatomy and physiology and more interesting, lively and practical.

c. A good part of the theoretical lectures on anatomy can be transferred to tutorial

classes with the demonstrations.

A few lectures or demonstrations on the clinical and applied anatomy should be arranged in the later part of the course. They should preferably be given by  

clinician and should aim at demonstrating the anatomical basis of physical signs and the value of anatomical knowledge to the clinician.

 

Seminars and group discussions to be arranged periodically with a view of presenting different subjects in an integrated manner.

Formal class room lectures to be reduced but demonstrations and tutorials to be

increased. There should be joint teaching-cum-demonstration sessions with clinical materials. Illustrating applied aspect of Anatomy in relation to clinical subjects. This should be arranged once a fortnight and even form part of series of introductory lectures if be needed.

There should be joint seminars with the departments of Physiology and Bio-Chemistry and should be organized once a month. There should be a close correlation in the teaching of gross Anatomy, Histology, Embryology and Genetics. The teaching of areas and systems in Anatomy, Physiology including Bio-chemistry should be integrated as far as possible.

 

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